by KLA2 » Sun Oct 28, 2007 10:22 pm
108
In mathematics
One hundred [and] eight is an abundant number and a semiperfect number. It is a tetranacci number.
It is the hyperfactorial of 3 since it is of the form .
108 is a number that is divisible by the value of its φ function, which is 36. 108 is also divisible by the total number of its divisors (12), hence it is a refactorable number.
In normal space, the interior angles of an equilateral pentagon measure 108 degrees each.
There are 108 free polyominoes of order 7.
In base 10, it is a Harshad number and a self number.
[edit] Religion and the arts
[edit] In Eastern religions & traditions
Japa Mala, or Japa beads, made from Tulasi wood. Comprising of 108 beads in total + the head bead.Sacred within Hinduism, Buddhism and connected yoga practices.
A mala usually has beads for 108 repetitions of a mantra.
Hindu deities have 108 names. Recital of these names, often accompanied by counting of 108-beaded Mala, is considered sacred and often done during religious ceremonies. The recital is called namajapa.
It is described in the Srimad Bhagavatam that Krishna dances with 108 'Gopis' (cow-herd girls) in His Vrindavan pastimes, and later marries 16,108 wives in His city of Dwarka. Hare Krishna devotees thus hold 108 as a number of great significance.
Siva Nataraja dances his cosmic dance in 108 poses.
The total of all digits of 108 (1 + 0 + eight) is 9, which in Hinduism is said to represent the 9 tattvas[citation needed]. If you divide 108 by 2 or multiply by 2 the total of all digits again equals 9.
The number of sins in Tibetan Buddhism.
In the temple Angkor Wat area there are numerous references to the number 108, which plays a significant role in the symbolism of the structure.
Ananda Coomaraswamy holds that the numerology of the decimal numeric system was key to its inception. 108 is therefore founded in Dharmic metaphysical numerology. One for bindu; zero for shunyata and eight for ananta.
In Japan, at the end of the year, a bell is chimed 108 times to finish the old year and welcome the new one. Each ring represents one of 108 earthly temptations a person must overcome to achieve nirvana.
Zen priests wear juzu (a ring of prayer beads) around their wrists, which consists of 108 beads.[1]
Many Buddhist temples have 108 steps.[1]
The Lankavatara Sutra repeatedly refers to the 108 steps.[2]
[edit] In martial arts
Marma Adi has 108 pressure points.[3]
The Chinese school of martial arts agrees with the South Indian school of martial arts on the principle of 108 pressure points.[4][5]
108 number also figures prominently in the symbolism associated with Karate, particularly the Goju Ryu discipline. The ultimate Goju-ryu kata, Suparinpei, literally translates to 108. Suparinpei is the Chinese pronunciation of the number 108, while gojushi of gojushiho is the Japanese pronunciation of the number 54. The other Goju-ryu kata, Sanseru (meaning "36") and Seipai ("18") are factors of the number 108.[1]
The 108 of the Yang long form and Wing Chun, taught by Yip Man having 108 movements are noted in this regard.[2]
Several different Taijiquan long forms consist of 108 moves.
Paek Pal Ki Hyung, the 7th form taught in the art of Kuk Sool Won, translates literally to "108 technique" form. It is also frequently referred to as the "eliminate 108 torments" form. Each motion corresponds with one of the 108 Buddhist torments or defilements.
[edit] In literature
In Homer's Odyssey, the number of suitors coveting Penelope, wife of Odysseus.
There are 108 outlaws in the Chinese classic Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh.
The number of surat al-Kawthar in the Qur'an, the smallest one of the Book.
There are 108 love sonnets in Astrophil and Stella, the first English sonnet sequence by Sir Philip Sidney.
[edit] Other fields
Traditionally the Angelus Bell is rung 108 times.
The atomic number of hassium.
Ben Turpin's schtick for taking a fall (similar to Chevy Chase's) was known as a “one-oh-eight" or a "hundred and eight".
Chinese astrology and Tao philosophy holds that there are 108 sacred stars.
108 Stars is also the name of a group of space pirates who use Tao magic in the anime Outlaw Star.
The number of stitches on a baseball.
A Hare Krishna, or 'krishnacore' hardcore punk band 108.[6]
The number of minutes that cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin orbited the earth during the first manned space flight.
The number of "missing" episodes of the BBC television program Doctor Who, destroyed in the 1970s.
Squaresoft's Final Fantasy Tactics has an accessory called 108 Gems, which cancels various status effects and enhances elemental magic spells.
The number of Mbit/s of a non-standard extension of IEEE 802.11g wireless network using channel bonding.
108 is the name of a community of and for open source developers, created by Red Hat.[7]
The Pokémon Spiritomb seems to be intricately linked to the number 108.
The sum of "The Numbers" in the American TV show Lost (4, 8, 15, 16, 23, and 42). It is also the number of minutes within which these numbers must be entered into the computer and the button must be pushed.
It is part of the Mythology in the videogame The Legend of Dragoon
Konami's Suikoden series always has 108 characters to recruit, called "Stars of Destiny".
The number 108 is frequently referred to in the Anime 2x2=Shinobuden.
The year AD 108 or 108 BC.
108 is the ten code for officer down or officer in danger.
108 artist
Holy FSM! Who knew?? I give you... 108!
"He who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster. And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you."
-Friedrich Nietzsche